Could Urban engineers learn from dance- Reading Answers Explanations- CAM 15

Could Urban engineers learn from dance- Reading Answers Explanations- CAM 15

Here are explanations of the Questions of passage named ‘Could Urban engineers learn from dance’ CAM 15 book. The Questions that have been asked are ‘finding information’ and ‘Summary Blanks’. You will find the locations of the Reading Answers, Keywords(highlighted and underlined) and justifications.

Questions 1-6

Reading Passage 1 has seven paragraphs, A-G. Which paragraph contains the following information? Write the correct letter, A-G, in boxes 1-6 on your answer sheet.

1.reference to an appealing way of using dance that the writer is not proposing

Location and Answer: B paragraph

Explanation: The answer to this question is in the first line of the paragraph as ‘Dance might hold some of the answers. That is not to suggest everyone…healthy and happy it might make us…’Here ‘not to suggest’ is paraphrased as ‘not proposing’ and ‘healthy and happy it might make us…’ is an appealing way.

2. an example of a contrast between past and present approaches to building.

Location and Answer: C paragraph
Explanation: The main keyword is ‘contrast’ and its reference is there in the first two lines of the paragraph as ‘medieval builders improvised and adapted construction…intimate knowledge of materials…building designs are now conceived and stored in media…’Here, medieval builders refer to ‘past builders…’Moreover, ‘now’ and ‘present’ are synonyms.

3. mention of an objective of both dance and engineering.

Location and Answer: F paragraph
Explanation: The main keywords ‘dance and engineering’ helps to locate the answer in the first three lines of the paragraph as ‘like dancers- and imagine…engineering will need to develop a richer understanding…yet it shares with engineering the aim of designing patterns…’Here, ‘aim’ and ‘objective’ are synonyms.

4. reference to an unforeseen problem arising from ignoring the climate.

Location and Answer: D paragraph
Explanation: The main keyword is ‘unforeseen problem’ and its reference is there in the second last line of the paragraph. ‘They failed to take into account that purpose-built street cafes could not operate in the hot sun…’Here ‘hot sun’ refers to climate.

5. why some measures intended to help people are being reversed.

Location and Answer: E paragraph
Explanation: The answer to this question is in the first three lines of the paragraph as ‘The same is true for transport engineering…Designs that seem logical in models appear counter-intuitive in the actual experience of users…’ Thus, ‘counter-intuitive’ and ‘reversed’ are synonyms.

6. reference to how transport has an impact on human lives.

Location and Answer: A paragraph

Explanation: The main keyword ‘transport’ has been paraphrased as ‘travel’ in the first line of the paragraph. The writer says, ‘The way we travel around cities has a major impact on whether they are sustainable…affect our physical and mental health…’Thus these are the impacts of transport.

Questions 7-13

Complete the summary below.
Choose ONE WORD ONLY from the passage for each answer.
Write your answers in boxes 7-13 on your answer sheet.
Guard rails

Guard rails were introduced on British roads to improve the 7…………………… of pedestrians.

Location : E paragraph
Explanation: The main keywords ‘guard rails’ and ‘British roads’ helps to locate the answer in the fourth line of the paragraph. ‘The guard rails that will be familiar to anyone who has attempted to cross…solution to pedestrian safety based on models that prioritize the smooth flow’. Here, ‘solution’ give reference to ‘improve’ in the question. Thus, the answer is ‘Safety’.

Answer: Safety

while ensuring that the movement of 8……………………. is not disrupted.

Location: E paragraph
Explanation: The location of the answer is again in the fourth line. The writer says, ‘ pedestrian safety based on models that prioritise smooth flow of traffic…’Here ‘ movement… not disrupted’ means ‘smooth flow’
Answer: Traffic

Pedestrians are led to access points, and encouraged to cross one 9…………………….. at a time.

Location: E paragraph
Explanation: The answer to this question is in the middle line of the paragraph. The line starts, ‘On wide major roads, they often guide pedestrians to specific crossing points…using staggered access point to divide the crossing…one for each carriageway’. Here ‘access point’ has been written as ‘specific crossing points’ in the passage. Also, ‘to cross one… at a time’ is visible as ‘one for each carriageway…’
Answer: Carriageway

An unintended effect is to create psychological difficulties in crossing the road, particularly for less 10………………….. people.

Location: E paragraph (10th line)
Explanation: The main keyword ‘psychological difficulties’ is paraphrased as ‘psychological barriers…’ in the passage. ‘In doing so they make crossings feel longer, introducing psychological barriers impacting those that are least mobile…’Here ‘less’ and ‘least’ are synonyms.
Answer: Mobile

Another result is that some people cross the road in a 11……………………. way.

Location: E paragraph
Explanation: The location of the answer is in the second last line of the paragraph as ‘and encouraging others to make dangerous crossings to get around the guard rails…’Here conjunction ‘and’ give reference to another result. Thus, it is easy to find an answer.
Answer: Dangerous

The guard rails separate 12……………………., and make it more difficult to introduce forms of transport
that are 13…………………….

Location: E paragraph
Explanation: The answer to this question is in the last line of the paragraph. The writer says, ‘divide the communities and decrease opportunities for healthy transport…’Firstly, Here ‘divide’ and ‘separate’ are synonyms. Secondly, ‘difficult to introduce…’ is visible as ‘decreased opportunities…’ in the passage.
Answer: (12) Communities
(13) Healthy

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