Work does not include money. Work is done by all individuals. Employment is when you work for money.

Personal life V/S public life:

Personal life Public life
Life which you have in your home. Life which is outside the home.
Close relationship with family and friends. Ithas emotional bond The relationships are dependent upon interest and profits.
Public life is when an individual works and behaves in the society.

NOTE: Digitalization has diluted the difference between public and personal life.

Professional life:
  1. Life which is related to work, business or job.
  2. Balance between professional and personal life has to be maintained for the development of a person.
  3. Every person must be professional by not involving his professional life in personal There should be minute boundaries between both.
  4. For the development of personality a balance between personal and professional life is mandatory.
Types of professions and their relation with public:

Profession Relation with public
Manufacturers No public interaction
Service providers Interaction with public

Service provider: The more the customer is dependent on the service provider, the more expensive the service will be. For instance, the patients are very much dependent on the doctors for the sake of their better health. Hence the payment of the service is expensive.


  • The Benefits of Staying in the Same Job for Life:
  1. Employees have a stable career with one employer
  2. They have a good pension and health insurance
  3. Their salaries gradually increase
  4. They may be promoted within the organization
  5. They demonstrate loyalty
  6. Experienced staff can be trusted with more responsibility
  7. They become part of a team
  8. There is a clearly-defined path for development
  • The Benefits of not Staying in the Same Job:
  1. People often change jobs in order to further their career
  2. Another company may offer a promotion or a higher salary
  3. People who change jobs can gain more experience
  4. They can learn different skills
  5. Changing jobs is interesting and challenging
  6. People can retrain in a different occupation
  7. In a fast-changing world, workers need to be flexible
  8. People need to develop a wider range of experience and skills
Traditional work life V/S Modern work life:

Traditional work life Modern work life
  Fixed time No fixed time
Fixed salary No fixed salary
People used to work for long duration People work for short duration
A proper balance between personal and professional life. No balance between personal and professional life
Respect of co-workers No respect for relationships like friends, family or co-workers.


  • Increase of stress (causes):
  1. More pressure due to given
  2. More tension because of the fear of getting replaced
  3. Could also because of unemployment
  • Self-Employment:
  • Nowadays, it is easy to set up a company
  • The internet provides a global marketplace
  • Self-employment offers greater freedom than working for a company
  • However, there are risks to starting a new business
  • Self-employed people may face financial difficulties
  • Many businesses fail to make a profit
  • There is less stability in self-employment
  • There are no benefits like pensions, sick pay and holiday pay
  • Self-employment involves hard work, long hours and total responsibility
  • Unemployment:
  • Unemployment is a big problem for individuals, communities and the society
  • Some people are unable to find a job
  • They may not have the sufficient level of education or qualifications
  • They may find themselves homeless
  • Unemployment causes frustration and stress
  • Jobless people may become involved in crime as a means to get money
  • The unemployed need career advice
  • Governments need to provide vocational courses and retraining
  • Unemployment Benefits: Positives
  • Some governments pay unemployment benefits in order to help jobless people
  • Unemployed people need financial support until they find a new job
  • By claiming benefits, they can continue to pay for their major life expenses
  • The benefits system helps to reduce poverty, homelessness and crime
  • Unemployment Benefits: Negatives
  • Some people claim benefits rather than working
  • They become dependent on the government
  • They are not motivated to find a job
  • The benefits system is a burden on tax payers
  • All citizens should work to make a living and support themselves
  • Receiving benefits affects people’s self-esteem
  • Balance between work and life:
  1. It is good for maintaining a balanced personality
  2. To achieve success in terms of family, socially, politically and economically
  3. It is important to achieve a balance between work time and leisure or family time
  4. Too much work can result in stress and poor health
  5. Workaholics may neglect their families and friends
  6. People need to take regular holidays
  7. Companies should expect employees to work overtime
  8. Nowadays, many people work part-time or have flexible working hours
  9. Technology allows people to work from home, telecommuting is possible
  10. Many companies provide childcare facilities
  11. Striking a balance between a good life and a good work can raise job satisfaction
  12. Happy, healthy workers are more productive

“A person should divide his 24 hours as, 8 hours for sleeping, 8 hours for work and 8 hours for family” – Karl Marx

  • Technology and Work:
  • The internet, fax and mobile phone technologies have revolutionized working life
  • Workers can communicate via email, online networks and video conferencing
  • Technology can connect workers in different countries from around the world
  • It gives people more freedom
  • It can also save time, energy and money
  • Some people believe that offices could disappear in the future
  • Virtual online offices may replace them
  • Child Labor:
  • In some countries, children are exploited
  • They do boring and repetitive jobs for very low pay
  • Children are often used in agriculture and factory work
  • The employment of children is prohibited in other countries
  • Many people think that children should be free to enjoy their childhood
  • Governments should make education a priority
  • They should build new schools
  • They should supply the necessary resources to educate children
  • Children need to be given the knowledge and skills for adult life
Sample Topic:
  • It is better for people to be unemployed than people to be employed but they do not enjoy. Do you agree or disagree?
  • Some believe that younger family members should be legally responsible for supporting older family members when they become physically, mentally and financially unable to look after themselves. To what extent do you agree or disagree?
  • Today family members eat fewer meals together. Why is this? Is this a positive or negative trend?
  • Nowadays, a lot of offices employ open-space designs instead of separate rooms for work. Do the advantages of this outweigh the disadvantages?


IELTS Common Essay Topic – ECONOMICS

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