Palm Oil- Reading Passage Answers Explanations Cambridge 17 

Palm Oil- Reading Passage Answers Explanations Cambridge 17

Here are explanations of the Question of passage named ‘Palm oil’ which is from the Cambridge 17 book. The Question are ‘Blanks’, ‘MCQs’, and ‘finding information’.

You will find the Locations of the Reading Answers, Keywords (highlighted and underlined) and justifications.

 

Questions 14-20

Reading Passage 2 has eight paragraphs, A-H.

Which section contains the following information?

Write the correct letter, A-H, in boxes 14-20 on your answer sheet.

14   examples of a range of potential environmental advantages of oil palm tree cultivation.

Location and Answer: F Paragraph

Explanation: The location of the answer is in the second and third line of the paragraph. The main keyword of the question is ‘environmental advantages’ which is there as ‘ecological benefit’ in the passage. Moreover, example in relation to this is ‘potentially up to ten times more oil per hectare than soybean…’

15   description of an organization which controls the environmental impact of palm oil production

Location and Answer: G paragraph

Explanation: The answer to this question is in the second last line of the paragraph. The main keyword of the question is ‘organization’ and the name of the organization is there in the passage that is ‘RSPO’.

‘Forest clearing, transparency and regular assessment of carbon stocks…are there in the paragraph. These are the environmental impact.

16   examples of the widespread global use of palm oil

Location and Answer: A paragraph

Explanation: The main keyword ‘palm oil’ helps to locate the answer in the first line of the paragraph. Firstly, the writer says, ‘most consumed vegetable oil in the world’…and examples of those in relation to global use are ‘soap we wash with…, the sandwich…, biscuits we snack’

17   references to a particular species which could benefit the ecosystem of oil palm plantations

Location and Answer: H paragraph

Explanation: The answer to this question is in the third line of the paragraph. ‘The bird’s nest fern’… in the passage refers to the particular species. The main keyword ‘benefit the ecosystem’ is as ‘performs vital ecological diversity’…Moreover, ‘oil palm plantation’…recover their biodiversity’… Thus, these are the benefits.

18   figures illustrating the rapid expansion of the palm oil industry

Location and Answer: B paragraph

Explanation: The only figures which are in the passage are in the passage are in the B paragraph which is easy to find. Moreover, it is crystal in the last line of the paragraph that is ‘a figure looking likely to double’…Thus, this gives information about the expansion of the palm oil industry.

19   an economic justification for not opposing the palm oil industry

Location and Answer: E paragraph

Explanation: The location of the answer is in the first line of the paragraph. Firstly, ‘not opposing’…in the question is as ‘boycott movement has been the argument’ …in the paragraph. Secondly, the main keyword of the question is ‘economic justification’ and it is there as ‘developing world out of poverty’…

20   examples of creatures badly affected by the establishment of oil palm plantations.

Location: C paragraph

Explanation: The main keyword of the question is ‘creatures’ and examples of these creatures are in the last line of the paragraph as ‘Sumatran orangutan..Rhinos, elephants…Furthermore, ‘badly affected by…is as ‘suffered from unstoppable spread’…in the passage.

Palm Oil- Reading Passage Answers Explanations Cambridge 17

Questions 21 and 22

Choose TWO letters, A-E.

Write the correct letters in boxes 21 and 22 on your answer sheet.

Which TWO statements are made about the Roundtable on Sustainable Palm Oil (RSPO)?

A   Its membership has grown steadily over the course of the last decade.

B   It demands that certified producers be open and honest about their practices.

C   It took several years to establish its set of criteria for sustainable palm oil certification.

D   Its regulations regarding sustainability are stricter than those governing other industries.

E   It was formed at the request of environmentalists concerned about the loss of virgin forests.

Location: G paragraph

Explanation: The answer to this question is in second line of the G paragraph. ‘Over the past decade or so…regarded as officially sustainable’ is in the passage. Therefore, the best option is C. Furthermore, ‘The RSPO insists upon no virgin forest clearing…’that means producers cannot cut trees and regular assessment of carbon stocks…Thus, the correct option is B

Answer:      B and C

Questions 23-26

Complete the sentences below.

Choose NO MORE THAN TWO WORDS from the passage for each answer.

Write your answers in boxes 23-26 on your answer sheet.

23   One advantage of palm oil for manufacturers is that it stays ……………………… even when not refrigerated.

Location: A paragraph

Explanation: The main keyword ‘manufacturers’ has been written as it is in the passage that helps to locate the answer in the second line of the paragraph. Here question says, ‘advantage of palm oil’…has been paraphrased as ‘unique properties’…and ‘not refrigerated’ in the question has been written as ‘remaining solid at room temperature’. Thus, this confirms that answer is ‘Solid’

Answer: Solid

24   The ……………………… is the best known of the animals suffering habitat loss as a result of the spread of oil palm plantations.

Location: C paragraph

Explanation: The location of the answer is in the last line of the paragraph.  The main keyword ‘animals’ has been written as ‘fauna and ‘the best known…’ has been paraphrased as ‘most famously…’which makes it very clear that the answer is ‘Sumatran orangutan’.

Answer: (Sumatran) orangutan

25   As one of its criteria for the certification of sustainable palm oil, the RSPO insists that growers check ……………………… on a routine basis.

Location: G paragraph

Explanation: The main keyword ‘Certification of sustainable palm oil’ in the question has been written as it is in the passage which helps to locate the answer in the middle line of the paragraph and line start as ‘The RSPO insists… ‘Routine basis’ has been written as ‘regular’ and ‘check’ has been written as ‘assessment’.

Answer: Carbon stocks

26   Ellwood and his researchers are looking into whether the bird’s nest fern could restore ……………………… in areas where oil palm trees are grown.

Location: Last paragraph

Explanation: The Main keyword ‘Ellwood’ is written as it is in the passage that helps to locate the answer in the last line of the paragraph. ‘could restore…’has been paraphrased as ‘to recover…’ The keyword ‘grown’ has been written as ‘plantation…’in the passage.

Answer: Biodiversity

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