The White Horse of uffington- Reading Passage Answers- CAM 16

The White Horse of uffington- Reading Passage Answers- CAM 16

Here are explanations of the Questions of passage named ‘The White Horse of uffington’ which is from the Cambridge 16 book. The Questions that have been asked are Blanks and True/False/Not Given.

You will find the Locations of the Reading Answers, Keywords (highlighted and underlined) and justifications.

Questions 1-8

Do the following statements agree with the information given in Reading Passage 1?

In boxes 1-8 on your answer sheet, write

TRUE               if the statement agrees with the information

FALSE              if the statement contradicts the information

NOT GIVEN    if there is no information on this

1   Most geoglyphs in England are located in a particular area of the country.

Location: 1st paragraph (Second line)

Explanation: The main Keyword ‘England’ is exactly in the passage. ‘Geoglyphs’ is visible as ‘hill figures’ in the passage. The writer says, ‘vast majority on the chalk downlands of the country’s southern counties…’ Here, chalk downlands is a particular area of the country. Thus, the information in the question is same as in the passage. Thus, answer is True.

Answer:  True

2   There are more geoglyphs in the shape of a horse than any other creature.

Location: 1st paragraph

Explanation: Though there is information about the shapes of geoglyphs in the third line of the passage but there is no information whether there are more geoglyphs in the shape of horse than any other creature. Thus,  no information available.

Answer: Not Given

3   A recent dating of the Uffington White Horse indicates that people were mistaken about its age.

Location: 2nd paragraph

Explanation: The main keyword of the question ‘recent dating’ has been paraphrased as ‘recently been re-dated’ in the second line of the paragraph.The question statement is same as passage statement as it has been written that ‘shown to even older than its previously assigned…’Thus, this confirms the answer. Thus, answer is True.

Answer: True

4   Historians have come to an agreement about the origins of the Long Man of Wilmington.

Location: 2nd paragraph

Explanation: The main keyword ‘Long man of Wilmington’ helps to locate the answer in the third line of the paragraph.The question statement contradicts with the passage statement as it has been written that ‘historians are convinced the figure is prehistoric, others believe….work of artistic monk…’but in the question ‘historians… agreement…about the origins…’Thus the answer is false.

Answer: False

5   Geoglyphs were created by people placing white chalk on the hillside.

Location: 3rd paragraph

Explanation: The answer to this question is in the first line of the paragraph and the main keyword ‘white chalk’ is visible as it is in the passage. The information is the question is opposite to the passage as it has been written that ‘the method of cutting these huge figures was to simply remove the overlying grass to reveal the white chalk below but the question says people were using chalk to create geoglyphs. Therefore, the answer is False.

Answer: False

6   Many geoglyphs in England are no longer visible.

Location: 3rd paragraph

Explanation: The answer to this question is in the third line of the paragraph. ‘Many geoglyphs ……no longer visible’ has been written as ‘vast majority of hill figures disappeared…’Here, information in the question is same as in the passage. Thus, answer is True.

Answer: True

7   The shape of some geoglyphs has been altered over time.

Location: 3rd paragraph

Explanation: The main keyword ‘shape’ helps to locate the answer in the middle line of the paragraph.The line starts, ‘Furthermore, over hundreds of years the outliners would sometimes change….creating different shape…’Here this line makes the answer very clear. Thus, answer is True.

Altered= change

Answer: True

8   The fame of the Uffington White Horse is due to its size.

Location: 4th paragraph

Explanation: Though the writer talks about the uffington white horse in the whole paragraph but there is no information regarding ‘the fame of uffington white horse’ thus, no information available. Therefore, the answer is Not Given.

Answer: Not Given

The White Horse of uffington- Reading Passage Answers- CAM 16

Questions 9-13

Complete the summary below.

Choose ONE WORD ONLY from the passage for each answer.

Write your answers in boxes 9-13 on your answer sheet.

The Uffington White Horse

The location of the Uffington White Horse:

  • a distance of 2.5 km from Uffington village
  • near an ancient road known as the 9 …………………

  • close to an ancient cemetery that has a number of burial mounds

Location: 4th paragraph

Explanation:  The answer to this question is in the last line of the paragraph and the main keyword ‘2.5 km…’ has been written exactly in the passage. ‘Late Bronze age…hill fort of Uffington castle and below the Ridgeway, a long distance Neolithic track…’Here, ‘Neolithic track is an ancient road. Thus, the answer is ‘Ridgeway’

Answer: Ridgeway

Dating the Uffington White Horse:

  • first reference to White Horse Hill appears in 10 ………………… from the 1070s

Location: 6th paragraph

Explanation: The main keyword ‘1070s’ helps to locate the answer in the first line of the paragraph. ‘The earliest evidence of a horse at uffington if from the 1070s CE…is mentioned in documents…’Here earliest evidence means first reference and ‘appears in’ has been paraphrased as ‘mentioned in…’Therefore the answer is ‘documents’. Thus, answer is ‘Documents’.

Answer: Documents

  • horses shown on coins from the period 100 BCE – 1 BCE are similar in appearance
  • according to analysis of the surrounding 11 …………………, the Horse is Late Bronze Age / Early Iron Age

Location: 7th paragraph

Explanation: The location of the answer is in the first line of the paragraph. ‘Analysis’ has been paraphrased as ‘testing was carried out…’and the main keyword ‘Late Bronze Age / Early Iron Age’ is there in the passage thus, this makes the answer easy to understand. Therefore, the answer is Soil.

Answer: Soil

Possible reasons for creation of the Uffington White Horse:

  • an emblem to indicate land ownership
  • formed part of an ancient ritual
  • was a representation of goddess Epona – associated with protection of horses and 12…………………

Location: 8th paragraph

Explanation: The main keyword ‘Epona’ helps to locate the answer in the third line of the paragraph and it is there as ‘representing the…goddess Epona, who was worshipped as a protector of horses and for her associations with fertility…Thus the answer is ‘fertility’.

Answer: Fertility

  • was a representation of a Welsh goddess called13 …………………

Location: 8th paragraph

Explanation: The answer to this question is in the last line of the paragraph and the main keyword ‘welsh goddess’ is as ‘welsh mythology’ in the passage. Moreover, the writer says, ‘carving represents a goddess in native mythology, such as Rhiannon described in later Welsh mythology…’. Thus, the answer is Rhiannon.

Answer: Rhiannon

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