Why we need to protect polar bears- Reading Answers Explanations Cam-16

Why we need to protect polar bears- Reading Answers Explanations Cam-16

Here are the explanations of the Questions of passage named ‘Why we need to protect polar bears’ which is from the Cambridge 16 book. The Questions that have been asked are ‘True/False/Not Given Blanks‘.

You will find the locations of the Reading Answers, Keywords (highlighted and underlined) and justifications.

Questions 1-7

Do the following statements agree with the information given in Reading Passage 1?

In boxes 1-7 on your answer sheet, write

TRUE               if the statement agrees with the information

FALSE              if the statement contradicts the information

NOT GIVEN    if there is no information on this

1   Polar bears suffer from various health problems due to the build-up of fat under their skin.

Location: 1st paragraph

Explanation: The answer to this question is in the last line of the paragraph.The question statement contradicts with the passage statement as the question says, ‘health problems due to …fat under skin…’but it has been written in the passage that ‘humans….suffer from diabetes….polar bear experience no such consequences…’Thus, this makes the answer very clear. Therefore, the answer is ‘False’.

Answer: False

2   The study done by Liu and his colleagues compared different groups of polar bears.

Location: 2nd paragraph

Explanation: The main keyword is ‘Liu and his colleagues’ which is exactly written in the first line of the paragraph. But the information in the question is opposite to the passage as it has been written ‘compared different groups…’in the question but ‘compared polar bears with ….closest relatives…, the brown bears’… Thus, the answer is ‘False’.

Answer: False

3   Liu and colleagues were the first researchers to compare polar bears and brown bears genetically.

Location: 2nd paragraph

Explanation: The main keyword ‘compare polar bears and brown bears…’has been written exactly in the passage but there is no information regarding ‘first researchers…’thus, no information available.

Answer: Not Given

4   Polar bears are able to control their levels of ‘bad’ cholesterol by genetic means.

Location: 2nd paragraph

Explanation:  The main keyword is ‘bad cholesterol’ which is visible exactly in the second last line of the paragraph.The information in the question is same as in the passage as ‘polar bears had a gene….reduces the level of…bad cholesterol’ ‘reduces’ has been written as ‘control’ and ‘genetic means..’ is paraphrased as ‘gene…’in the passage.

Answer: True

5   Female polar bears are able to survive for about six months without food.

Location: 3rd paragraph

Explanation: The main keywords ‘six months…’and ‘female polar bears’ is there in the passage that helps to locate the answer in the second last line of the paragraph. ‘Without food’ has been paraphrased as ‘fasting’ in the passage. ‘able to survive…’has been written as ‘alive..’ in the passage.

Answer: True

6   It was found that the bones of female polar bears were very weak when they came out of their dens in spring.

Location: 3rd paragraph

Explanation: The location of the answer is in the last line of the paragraph.The question statement contradicts with the passage statement as the question says, ‘bones of female….weak…dens in spring…’but  the writer says, ‘the bones remain strong and dense…’Moreover, ‘dens in the spring…’ has been paraphrased as ‘dens in snow…’. Thus, the answer is ‘False’.

Answer: False.

  The polar bear’s mechanism for increasing bone density could also be used by people one day.

Location:  4th paragraph

Explanation: The main keyword is ‘bone density’ which has been written as ‘bone remodeling…’ in the last line of the 4th paragraph. ‘Used by people…’is paraphrased as ‘could potentially benefit…’in the passage. The information in the question is same as in the paragraph. Therefore, the answer is ‘true’.

Answer: True.

Why we need to protect polar bears- Reading Answers Explanations Cam-16

Questions 8-13

Complete the table below.

Choose ONE WORD ONLY from the passage for each answer.

Write your answers in boxes 8-13 on your answer sheet

Reasons why polar bears should be protected

People think of bears as unintelligent and 8 ………………. .

However, this may not be correct. For example:

Location: 5th paragraph

Explanation: The answer to this question is in the third line of the paragraph. ‘unintelligent’ has been written as ‘stupid…’ in the passage and ‘this may not be correct…’has been paraphrased as ‘challenges those assumptions…’Moreover, the conjunction ‘and’ is used in the question and it is also visible in the paragraph. Thus this makes the answer very clear.

Answer: Violent

  • In Tennoji Zoo, a bear has been seen using a branch as a 9………………. .

Location: 5th paragraph(sixth line)

Explanation: The main keyword ‘Tennoji Zoo’ helps to locate the answer in the middle line of the paragraph. ‘Osaka has ever been observed…’Here seen and observed are synonyms. Moreover, ‘using a…’has been written as ‘making use of…’ in the passage. ‘The bear used a tree branch…’ is there in the paragraph so the answer is ‘tool’

Answer: Tool

This allowed him to knock down some 10 ………………. .

Location: 5th paragraph(7th line)

Explanation: The answer to this question is in the 7th line of the paragraph and ‘dislodge a piece of…’has been written in the passage. Here, dislodge means knock down. Thus, bear knock down some ‘meat’

Answer: Meat

  • A wild polar bear worked out a method of reaching a platform where a 11………………. was located.

Location: 5th paragraph

Explanation: The main keyword ‘wild polar bear’ has been written exactly in the last line of the paragraph. ‘Worked out a method’ has been paraphrased as ‘calculated move…’  ‘Method of reaching…’is visible as ‘attempt to get to a…’ in the paragraph. Thus, the answer is ‘photographer’

Answer: Photographer

  • Polar bears have displayed behaviour such as conscious manipulation of objects and activity similar to a 12………………. .

Bears may also display emotions. For example:

Location: 6th paragraph

Explanation: The main keyword ‘displayed behaviour’ has been written as ‘showed deliberate…’ and ‘activity similar to…’ has been paraphrased as ‘appeared to be…’in the passage.

Answer: Game

  • They may make movements suggesting 13………………. if disappointed when hunting.

  • They may form relationships with other species.

Location: 7th paragraph

Explanation: The answer to this question is in the first line of the paragraph and it is visible as ‘hit out ice…seemingly out of frustration….missed out a kill’. Here, ‘hit out ice’ is the movement. Moreover, the writer says, they feel disappointed when they missed out a kill.

Therefore, this is very easy to understand that answer is ‘frustration’

Answer: Frustration

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