Changes in reading habits- Reading Answers Explanations- CAM-16

Changes in reading habits- Reading Answers Explanations- CAM-16

Here are explanations of the Questions of passage named ‘changes in reading habits’ which is from the Cambridge 16 book. The Questions that have been asked are MCQ’s, Summary blanks and Yes/No/Not Given.You will find the Locations of the Reading Answers, Keywords (highlighted and underlined) and justifications.

Questions 14-17

Choose the correct letter, ABC or D.

Write the correct letter in boxes 14-17 on your answer sheet.

14   What is the writer’s main point in the first paragraph?

A   Our use of technology is having a hidden effect on us.

B   Technology can be used to help youngsters to read.

C   Travellers should be encouraged to use technology on planes.

D   Playing games is a more popular use of technology than reading.

Location: 1st paragraph

Explanation: The answer to this question is in the second last line of the paragraph as the writer says, ‘Unbeknown to most of us, an invisible, game-changing transformation links everyone in this picture: the neuronal circuit ….rapidly changing…’Here, unbeknown and hidden are synonyms. Moreover, ‘neuronal circuit’ refers to technology.

Answer: A

15   What main point does Sherry Turkle make about innovation?

A   Technological innovation has led to a reduction in print reading.

B   We should pay attention to what might be lost when innovation occurs.

C   We should encourage more young people to become involved in innovation.

D   There is a difference between developing products and developing ideas.

Location: 3rd paragraph

Explanation: The main keyword ‘Sherry Turkle’ has been written exactly in the second line of the paragraph. The writer says, ‘we do not err as a society when we innovate but when we ignore what we disrupt or diminish while innovating…’ Here, ‘err’ means mistake.

Answer: B

16   What point is the writer making in the fourth paragraph?

A   Humans have an inborn ability to read and write.

B   Reading can be done using many different mediums.

C   Writing systems make unexpected demands on the brain.

D   Some brain circuits adjust to whatever is required of them.

Location: 4th paragraph

Explanation: The answer to this question is in the first line of the paragraph. ‘Reading circuit is not given to human beings through a genetic blueprint like vision or language; it needs an environment to develop…it will adapt to environment’s requirements…’Here, ‘adapt and ‘adjust’ are synonyms.

Answer: D

17   According to Mark Edmundson, the attitude of college students

A   has changed the way he teaches.

B   has influenced what they select to read.

C   does not worry him as much as it does others.

D   does not match the views of the general public.

Location: 5th paragraph

Explanation: The main keyword ‘Mark Edmundson’ is there in the second line of the paragraph as the writer says, ‘avoid the classic literature of the 19th and 20th centuries in favour of something simpler as they no longer have the patience to read longer…’This means students avoid reading classic literature as its content was longer and difficult. Thus, it is easy to understand an answer.

Answer: B

Changes in reading habits- Reading Answers Explanations- CAM-16

Questions 18-22

Complete the summary using the list of words, A-H, below.

Write the correct letter, A-H, in boxes 18-22 on your answer sheet.

Studies on digital screen use

There have been many studies on digital screen use, showing some 18 ………………… trends.

Location: 6th paragraph

Explanation: The main keyword ‘digital screen’ is there in the first line of the passage as the writer says, ‘multiple studies show that digital screen may be causing a variety of troubling…’Here, ‘many studies’ is visible as ‘multiple studies’ in the passage. Moreover, troubling and worrying are synonyms.

Answer: D

Psychologist Anne Mangen gave high-school students a short story to read, half using digital and half using print mediums.

Her team then used a question-and-answer technique to find out how 19 ………………… each group’s understanding of the plot was.

Location: 6th paragraph

Explanation: The answer to this question is in the last line of the paragraph. Firstly, ‘Her team’ has been paraphrased as ‘Mangen’s group’ in the passage. Secondly, ‘Result indicated that who read on print were superior in their comprehension…ability to sequence detail…’Here ‘detail’ and ‘thorough’ are synonyms.

Answer: H

The findings showed a clear pattern in the responses, with those who read screens finding the order of information 20 ………………… to recall.

Location: 6th paragraph

Explanation: The answer to this question is again in the last line of the paragraph as the writer says, ‘students who read on prints were superior in their comprehension to screen reading pairs…’Here, this statement means students who read on prints were good (superior) at understanding (comprehension) than screen-reading peers (screen findings).Therefore, it is hard to recall the order for screen-reading peers.

Answer: F

Studies by Ziming Liu show that students are tending to read 21 ………………… words and phrases in a text to save time.

Location: 7th paragraph

Explanation: The main keyword ‘Ziming Liu’ helps to locate the answer in the second and third line of the paragraph. ‘Many readers now use a pattern….word-spot through the rest of the text…it reduces time allocated to deep reading processes…’Here ‘save time’ has been paraphrased as ‘reduces time’ in the passage. Moreover, ‘word-spot’ means ‘isolation of words’

Answer: B

This approach, she says, gives the reader a superficial understanding of the 22 ………………… content of material, leaving no time for thought.

Location: 7th paragraph

Explanation: The location of the answer is in the last line of the 7th paragraph and the writer says, ‘we don’t have time to grasp complexity, to understand another’s feeling…and to create thoughts…’Here, feelings means emotions. Thus, this is easy to understand an answer.

Answer: C

A     fast               isolated            c emotional         worrying    E     many            hard    G combined                thorough

Changes in reading habits- Reading Answers Explanations- CAM-16

Questions 23-26

Do the following statements agree with the views of the writer in Reading Passage 2?

In boxes 23-26 on your answer sheet, write

YES            if the statement agrees with the views of the writer

NO              if the statement contradicts the views of the writer

NOT GIVEN    if it is impossible to say what the writer thinks about this

23   The medium we use to read can affect our choice of reading content.

Location: 8th paragraph

Explanation: The main keyword ‘medium’ helps to locate the answer in the second line of the paragraph as the writer says, ‘how we all begun to read on various mediums and how that changes not only what we read…’Here, ‘choice of reading’ has been paraphrased as ‘what we read…’ in the passage. Therefore, information in the question is same as in the passage.

Answer: Yes

24   Some age groups are more likely to lose their complex reading skills than others.

Location: 8th paragraph

Explanation: The answer to this question is in the middle line of the paragraph.The line start, ‘Nor is it only about the young…subtle atrophy of critical analysis and empathy effects us all equally…’.The question statement contradicts with the passage statement as it effects us equally not some age groups.

Answer: No

25   False information has become more widespread in today’s digital era.

Location: 8th paragraph

Explanation: Though the main keyword ‘false information’ has been written exactly in the last line of the paragraph but there is no information related to the widespread of false information in today’s digital era; thus, no information available.

Answer: Not Given

26   We still have opportunities to rectify the problems that technology is presenting.

Location: 6th paragraph

Explanation: The main keyword ‘technology’ is there in the second line of the paragraph and the writer says, ‘we possess both the science and the technology to identify and redress the changes…’.It means we have science and technology to rectify the problem. The information in the question is same as in the passage.

Answer: Yes

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