Plant ‘thermometer’ triggers springtime growth by measuring night-time heat- Reading Answers Explanations- CAM 16

Plant ‘thermometer’ triggers springtime growth by measuring night-time heat- Reading Answers Explanations- CAM 16

Here are explanations of the Questions of passage named ‘plant ‘thermometer’ triggers springtime growth by measuring night-time heat’ which is from the Cambridge 16 book. The Questions that have been asked are: finding information, Blanks and True/False/Not Given. You will find the Locations of the Reading Answers, Keywords (highlighted and underlined) and justifications.

Questions 27-32

Do the following statements agree with the information given in Reading Passage 3?

In boxes 27-32 on your answer sheet, write

TRUE               if the statement agrees with the information

FALSE              if the statement contradicts the information

NOT GIVEN    if there is no information on this

27   The Cambridge scientists’ discovery of the ‘thermometer molecule’ caused surprise among other scientists.

Location: A paragraph

Explanation: The main keyword ‘thermometer molecule’ is there in the passage. There is information about the discovery of thermometer molecule in the second line of the paragraph but there is no information whether this caused surprise among other scientists or not.

Answer: Not Given

28   The target for agricultural production by 2050 could be missed.

Location: D paragraph

Explanation: The main keyword ‘2050’ helps to locate the answer in the second line of the paragraph as the writer says, ‘it is estimated that agricultural yields will need to double by 2050, but climate change is a major threat to achieving this…’Thus, this statement makes it clear that this target could be missed due to climate change.

Answer: True

29   Wheat and rice suffer from a rise in temperatures.

Location: D paragraph

Explanation: The answer to this question is in the third line of the paragraph as it has been written that ‘wheat and rice are sensitive to high temperature. Here ‘high’ and ‘rise’ are synonyms. Furthermore, ‘suffer from’ is paraphrased as ‘sensitive to’ in the passage. Thus, the information in the question is same as in the passage.

Answer: True

30   It may be possible to develop crops that require less water.

Location:         D paragraph

Explanation: Thought there is information about crops in this paragraph but there is no information regarding the possibility to develop crops that require less water. Thus, no information available

Answer: Not Given

31   Plants grow faster in sunlight than in shade.

Location: E paragraph

Explanation: The main keyword ‘sunlight’ helps to locate the answer in the second line of the paragraph. ‘During the day, sunlight activates the molecules, slowing down growth. If a plant finds itself in shade, phytochromes are quickly inactivated-enabling it to grow faster to find sunlight again.’’ This means plants grow faster in shade. Thus, the question statement contradicts with the passage statement.

Answer: False

32   Phytochromes change their state at the same speed day and night.

Location: E paragraph

Explanation: The answer to this question is in the second last line of the paragraph. ‘Light-driven changes to phytochromes activity occur very fast…at night, however it’s different story…’

Here, this means phytochromes change their state at the different speed day and night. Therefore, the information in the question is opposite to the passage.

Answer: False

Plant ‘thermometer’ triggers springtime growth by measuring night-time heat- Reading Answers Explanations- CAM 16

Questions 33-37

Reading Passage 3 has eight sections, A-H.

Which section contains the following information?

Write the correct letter, A-H, in boxes 33-37 on your answer sheet.

33   mention of specialists who can make use of the research findings

Location and Answer: H paragraph

Explanation: The main keyword is ‘specialists’ and its reference is there in the last line of the paragraph as the writer says, ‘Cambridge is uniquely well-positioned to do this kind of research as we have outstanding collaborators…transfer this new knowledge into the field…’Here ‘outstanding collaborators’ is paraphrased as ‘specialists’ in the question.

34   a reference to a potential benefit of the research findings

Location and Answer:  D paragraph

Explanation: The answer to this question is in the last line of the paragraph as it has been written ‘ Discovering the molecules that allow plants to sense temperature has the potential to accelerate the breeding of crop resilient to thermal stress and climate change…’Here, ‘research findings’ and ‘discovering’ are synonyms and this statement give information related to ‘potential benefit’

35 Scientific support for a traditional saying

Location and Answer: G paragraph

Explanation: The location of the answer is in the third line of the paragraph and it has been written ‘the discovery of the dual role of phytochromes provides the science behind a well-known rhyme…oak before ash we’ll have a splash…’Here ‘scientific support’ in the question is paraphrased as ‘ provides the science behind…’ in the passage. Moreover, well-known rhyme is a traditional saying. Thus, this makes the answer very clear.

36   a reference to people traditionally making plans based on plant behaviour

Location and Answer: C paragraph

Explanation: The answer to this question is in the first line of the paragraph.The writer says, ‘Farmers and gardeners have known for hundreds of years how responsive plants are to temperature…’warm winters cause many trees and flowers to bud early…humans have long used to predict weather and harvest times for the coming year’. Thus, they know about the plant behaviour.

37   a reference to where the research has been reported

Location and Answer: A paragraph

Explanation: The location of the answer is in the last line of the paragraph and the writer says, ‘The new findings published in the journal science…’Here ‘research’ and ‘new findings’ are synonyms. Moreover, research has been reported in the journal science.

Questions 38-40

Complete the sentences below.

Choose NO MORE THAN TWO WORDS from the passage for each answer.

Write your answers in boxes 38-40 on your answer sheet.

38   Daffodils are likely to flower early in response to ………………….. weather.

Location: G paragraph

Explanation: The main keyword ‘daffodils’ helps to locate the answer in the second line of the paragraph. ‘Early response’ has been paraphrased as ‘in advance’. Moreover, the writer says, ‘flower months in advance during a warm winter’. So, the answer is Warm.

Answer: Warm (winter)

39   If ash trees come into leaf before oak trees, the weather in ………………….. will probably be wet.

Location: G paragraph

Explanation: The main keywords ‘oak’ and ‘ash’ has been written exactly in the last line of the passage. ‘Probably’ and ‘likely’ are synonyms. ‘Wet’ has been paraphrased as ‘rain-soaked’ in the passage. Moreover, the writer says, ‘a colder summer is likely to be a rain…’thus, this makes the answer very clear. Therefore, the answer is ‘Summer’.

Answer: Summer

40   The research was carried out using a particular species of ………………….. .

Location: H paragraph

Explanation: The answer to this question is in the second line of the paragraph and it has been written ‘work was done in a model system using a mustard plant called Arabidopsis’. Thus, this is very easy to understand an answer. Thus, the answer is Mustard or Mustard Plant.

Answer: Mustard/Mustard plant

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