Roman tunnels- Reading Answers Explanations- CAM 16

Roman tunnels- Reading Answers Explanations- CAM 16

Here are explanations of the Questions of passage named ‘Roman tunnels’ which is from the Cambridge 16 book. The Questions that have been asked are Diagram based questions (blanks) and questions. You will find the Locations of the Reading Answers, Keywords (highlighted and underlined) and justifications.

Questions 1-6

Label the diagrams below.

Choose ONE WORD ONLY from the passage for each answer.

Write your answers in boxes 1-6 on your answer sheet.

 

 

  1. Location: 1st paragraph

Explanation: The answer to this question is in the second line of the paragraph as it has been as ‘posts over a hill in a straight line…tunnel kept to its route’. Moreover, ‘kept to its route’ is visible as ‘to direct the tunneling…’ Hence, the answer is ‘Post’s.

Answer: Posts

  1. Location: 1st paragraph

Explanation: The location of the answer is in the last line of the paragraph and ‘runs into’ is paraphrased as ‘flow from’ and ‘ used by local people’ has been written as ‘human use…’Thus, it makes an answer very clear.

Answer: Canal

Roman tunnels- Reading Answers Explanations- CAM 16

  1. Location: 1st paragraph

Explanation: The answer to this question is in the second last line of the paragraph and the writer says, ‘The excavated soil was taken up to the surface using the shafts, which also provided ventilation…’ Thus, the answer is ‘ventilation’

Answer: Ventilation

  1. Location: 2nd paragraph

Explanation: The main keywords ‘wood or stone’ has been written as ‘wooden or stone lid…’ in the third line of the passage. Thus, the answer is lid.

Answer: Lid

  1. Location: 2nd paragraph

Explanation: The answer to this question is in the middle line of the paragraph. The line start ‘Romans hung a plumb line from a rod placed across the top ….weight at the end of it hung in the center of shaft…’Here ‘attached’ and ‘hung’ are synonyms. Thus, the answer is ‘Weight’.

Answer: Weight

  1. Location: 2nd paragraph

Explanation: The location of the answer is in the third line       of the paragraph as the writer says, ‘handholds and footholds to help those climbing…’ Thus, the answer is climbing.

      Answer: Climbing

Roman tunnels- Reading Answers Explanations- CAM 16

Questions 7-10

Do the following statements agree with the information given in Reading Passage 1?

In boxes 7-10 on your answer sheet, write

TRUE               if the statement agrees with the information

FALSE              if the statement contradicts the information

NOT GIVEN    if there is no information on this

7   The counter-excavation method completely replaced the qanat method in the 6th century BCE.

Location: 3rd paragraph

Explanation: The main keyword ‘6th century BCE’ helps to locate the answer in the first line of the paragraph. The question statement contradicts the passage statement as the writer says, ‘a second method…it was used to cut through high mountains when the qanat method was not a practical alternative. Moreover, this means counter-excavation method was only used in some situations. So, the answer is ‘False’.

Answer: False

8   Only experienced builders were employed to construct a tunnel using the counter-excavation method.

Location: 3rd paragraph

Explanation: Though the main keywords of the question ‘tunnel’ and ‘counter-excavation method’ are there in the middle line of the paragraph but there is no information regarding the experienced builders. Thus, no information available. Hence, the answer is ‘Not Given’.

Answer: Not Given

9   The information about a problem that occurred during the construction of the Saldae aqueduct system was found in an ancient book.

Location: 3rd paragraph

Explanation: The main keyword ‘Saldae aqueduct system’ has been written exactly in the second last line of the paragraph as the writer says, ‘an inscription written on the side of a 428-meter tunnel…’The information in the question is opposite to the passage as the inscription was written on the side of tunnel not in an ancient book. Therefore, the answer is ‘False’

Answer: False

10   The mistake made by the builders of the Saldae aqueduct system was that the two parts of the tunnel failed to meet.

Location: 3rd paragraph

Explanation: The answer to this question is in the last line of the paragraph as the writer says, ‘describes how the two teams of builders missed each other in the mountain…’Here ‘failed to meet’ is paraphrased as ‘missed each other…’ in the passage. Hence, the information in the question is same as in the passage. Therefore the answer is ‘True’.

Answer: True

Roman tunnels- Reading Answers Explanations- CAM 16

Questions 11-13               

Answer the questions below.

Choose NO MORE THAN TWO WORDS from the passage for each answer.

Write your answers in boxes 11-13 on your answer sheet.

11   What type of mineral were the Dolaucothi mines in Wales built to extract?

Location: 4th paragraph

Explanation: The main keywords ‘mineral and Dolaucothi mines’ is exactly in the second last line of the paragraph.The writer says, ‘mine gold can still be found…in Wales…sole purpose of a tunnel was mineral extraction…’Here gold is a mineral. Thus, the answer is Gold.

Answer: Gold

12   In addition to the patron, whose name might be carved onto a tunnel?

Location: 5th paragraph

Explanation: The answer to this question is in the second last line of the 5th paragraph as it has been as ‘most tunnels had inscriptions showing the names of patrons…sometimes, the name of architect…’Here, ‘inscriptions’ and ‘carved’ are synonyms. Moreover, patron and architects are two names.

Answer: (the) architect (‘s) (name)

13   What part of Seleuceia Pieria was the Cevlik tunnel built to protect?

Location: 5th paragraph

Explanation: The main keywords ‘Seleuceia Pieria’ and ‘Cevlik’ are there in the last line of the passage and ‘built to protect…’ is visible as ‘built to divert flood water threatening the harbor…’this makes an answer very clear. Thus, the answer is ‘harbor’ or ‘the harbor’

Answer: (the) harbor

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