Climate change reveals ancient artefacts in Norway’s glaciers- Reading Answers Explanation- CAM 16

Climate change reveals ancient artefacts in Norway’s glaciers- Reading Answers Explanation- CAM 16

Here are explanations of the Questions of passage named ‘Climate change reveals ancient artefacts in Norway’s glaciers’ which is from the Cambridge 16 book. The Questions that have been asked are MCQs, Summary Blanks and finding information. You will find the Locations of the Reading Answers, Keywords (highlighted and underlined) and justifications.

Questions 14-19

Reading Passage 2 has eight sections, A-H.

Which section contains the following information?

Write the correct number, A-H, in boxes 14-19 on your answer sheet.

14   an explanation for weapons being left behind in the mountains

Location and Answer: D paragraph

Explanation: The answer to this question is in the third line of the paragraph as the writer says, ‘Hunters would have easily misplaced arrows and they often discarded broken bows rather than take them all the way home. Here bows and arrows refer to weapons. This line makes it clear that hunters didn’t take the weapons to their home.

15   a reference to the physical difficulties involved in an archaeological expedition

Location and Answer: C paragraph

Explanation: The main keyword is ‘physical difficulties’ and information related to this is there in the middle line of the paragraph and it is visible in the passage as ‘The slow but steady movement of glaciers tends to destroy anything at their bases…’Moreover, the writer says, ‘fieldwork is hard work-hiking…’in the next line. Here, these are the physical difficulties.

16   an explanation of why less food may have been available

Location and Answer: F paragraph

Explanation: The answer to this question is in the last line of the paragraph and the writer says, ‘A colder turn in Scandinavian climate would…widespread crop failures…’Here crop failure is due to colder climate and crop failure results in less availability of food.

17   a reference to the possibility of future archaeological discoveries

Location and Answer: H paragraph (Last line)

Explanation: The main keyword is ‘archeological discoveries’ and its reference is there in the paragraph as ‘archeologists could be extracting some of the artifacts…in years to come’. Here ‘in years to come…’ is the synonym of ‘future…’   Thus, this makes the answer very clear and easy to understand.

18   examples of items that would have been traded

Location and Answer: G paragraph

Explanation: The answer to this question is in the last line of the paragraph and it has been as ‘Norwegian towns along with export markets would have been created a booming demand for hides to fight on the cold…antlers to make useful like comb…’Here, hides and antlers are the examples of items that would have been traded.

19   a reference to the pressure archaeologists are under to work quickly

Location and Answer: B paragraph

Explanation: The main keyword is ‘pressure’ and its reference is there in the first two lines of the paragraph. ‘climate change shrinking ice cover around the world, glacial archaeologists need to race the clock to find…’Here ‘to work quickly’ is as ‘race the clock…’in the passage.

Climate change reveals ancient artefacts in Norway’s glaciers- Reading Answers Explanation- CAM 16

Questions 20-22

Complete the summary below.

Choose ONE WORD ONLY from the passage for each answer.

Write your answers in boxes 20-22 on your answer sheet.

Interesting finds at an archaeological site

Organic materials such as animal skins and textiles are not discovered very often at archaeological sites. They have little protection against

20 …………………, which means that they decay relatively quickly.

But this is not always the case. If temperatures are low enough, fragile artefacts can be preserved for thousands of years.

Location: B paragraph

Explanation: The main keywords ‘animal skins and textiles’ helps to locate the answer in the first two lines of the paragraph.The writer says, ‘This is because they are protected from the microorganisms that cause decay…’Here ‘protection against…’ is visible as ‘protected from…’ in the passage. So, the answer is ‘Microorganisms’.

Answer: Microorganisms

A team of archaeologists have been working in the mountains in Oppland in Norway to recover artefacts revealed by shrinking ice cover. In the past, there were trade routes through these mountains and

21 ………………… gathered there in the summer months

Location: C paragraph

Explanation: The answer to this question is in the second last line of the passage and the main keyword ‘summer months’ has been written exactly in the passage. The writer says, ‘Reindeer once congregated on these icy patches…’Here ‘congregated’ and ‘gathered’ are synonyms. Thus, the answer is ‘Reindeer’.

Answer: Reindeer

gathered there in the summer months to avoid being attacked by

22 ………………… on lower ground.

The people who used these mountains left things behind and it is those objects that are of interest to archaeologists.

Location: C paragraph

Explanation: The answer to this question is again in the second last line of the passage. ‘Avoid being attacked by…’ is paraphrased as ‘escape biting insects…’Here avoid is the synonym of ‘escape’. Thus, the answer is ‘insects’

Answer: insects

Questions 23 and 24

Choose TWO letters, A-E.

Write the correct letters in boxes 23 and 24 on your answer sheet.

Which TWO of the following statements does the writer make about the discoveries of Barrett’s team?

A   Artefacts found in the higher mountain passes were limited to skiing equipment.

  Hunters went into the mountains even during periods of extreme cold.

  The number of artefacts from certain time periods was relatively low.

D   Radiocarbon dating of artefacts produced some unreliable results.

  More artefacts were found in Oppland than at any other mountain site.

Location: F paragraph

Explanation: (23) The answer to this question is in the sixth line of the paragraph and the writer says, ‘But it turned out that hunters kept regularly venturing into mountains even when the climate turned cold’. This statement means hunters went into mountains regularly even during periods of extreme climate…’ Therefore, the answer is ‘B’.

Answer: B

Location: E paragraph

Explanation: (24) The location of the answer is in the last line of the E paragraph. ‘They found that some periods had produced lots of artefacts…But there were few or no signs of activity during other periods ‘Here this statement means there were less artefacts. Thus, the answer is ‘C’.

Answer: C

Climate change reveals ancient artefacts in Norway’s glaciers- Reading Answers Explanation- CAM 16

Questions 25 and 26

Choose TWO letters, A-E.

Write the correct letters in boxes 25 and 26 on your answer sheet.

Which TWO of the following statements does the writer make about the Viking Age?

A   Hunters at this time benefited from an increased demand for goods.

B   The beginning of the period saw the greatest growth in the wealth of Vikings.

C   Vikings did not rely on ships alone to transport goods.

D   Norwegian towns at this time attracted traders from around the world.

  Vikings were primarily interested in their trading links with the Middle East.

Location: G paragraph

Explanation: The main keyword ‘Viking age’ helps to locate the answer in the last line of the paragraph. ‘And growing Norwegian towns…created a booming demand for hides to fight off the cold….’Here booming is as ‘increased’ in the question. Moreover, hides and antlers refer to goods.

Answer: A

Location: G paragraph

Explanation: The answer to this question is in the third line of the paragraph. ‘Although we usually think of ships…plenty of goods travelled on overland routes…’Here, the writer says, ‘plenty of goods were transported on overland routes so they did not rely only on ships.

Answer: C

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